Local API

The Payload Local API gives you the ability to execute the same operations that are available through REST and GraphQL within Node, directly on your server. Here, you don't need to deal with server latency or network speed whatsoever and can interact directly with your database.

Here are some common examples of how you can use the Local API:

  • Seeding data via Node seed scripts that you write and maintain
  • Opening custom Express routes which feature additional functionality but still rely on Payload
  • Within access control and hook functions

Accessing payload

You can gain access to the currently running payload object via two ways:

Importing it

You can import or require payload into your own files after it's been initialized, but you need to make sure that your import / require statements come after you call payload.init()—otherwise Payload won't have been initialized yet. That might be obvious. To us, it's usually not.

Example:

import payload from 'payload';
const afterChangeHook = async () => {
const posts = await payload.find({
collection: 'posts',
});
}
Accessing from the req

Payload is available anywhere you have access to the Express req - including within your access control and hook functions.

Example:

const afterChangeHook = async ({ req: { payload }}) => {
const posts = await payload.find({
collection: 'posts',
});
}

Local options available

You can specify more options within the Local API vs. REST or GraphQL due to the server-only context that they are executed in.

Local OptionDescription
collectionRequired for Collection operations. Specifies the Collection slug to operate against.
dataThe data to use within the operation. Required for create, update.
depthControl auto-population of nested relationship and upload fields.
localeSpecify locale for any returned documents.
fallbackLocaleSpecify a fallback locale to use for any returned documents.
overrideAccessSkip access control. By default, this property is set to false.
userIf you re-enable access control, you can specify a user to use against the access control checks.
showHiddenFieldsOpt-in to receiving hidden fields. By default, they are hidden from returned documents in accordance to your config.

There are more options available on an operation by operation basis outlined below.

Collections

The following Collection operations are available through the Local API:

Create

// The created Post document is returned
const post = await payload.create({
collection: 'posts', // required
data: { // required
title: 'sure',
description: 'maybe',
},
locale: 'en',
fallbackLocale: false,
user: dummyUserDoc,
overrideAccess: true,
showHiddenFields: false,
// If creating verification-enabled auth doc,
// you can optionally disable the email that is auto-sent
disableVerificationEmail: true,
// If your collection supports uploads, you can upload
// a file directly through the Local API by providing
// its full, absolute file path.
filePath: path.resolve(__dirname, './path-to-image.jpg'),
})

Find

// Result will be a paginated set of Posts.
// See /docs/queries/pagination for more.
const result = await payload.find({
collection: 'posts', // required
depth: 2,
page: 1,
limit: 10,
where: {} // pass a `where` query here
sort: '-title',
locale: 'en',
fallbackLocale: false,
user: dummyUser,
overrideAccess: false,
showHiddenFields: true,
})

Find by ID

// Result will be a Post document.
const result = await payload.findByID({
collection: 'posts', // required
id: '507f1f77bcf86cd799439011', // required
depth: 2,
locale: 'en',
fallbackLocale: false,
user: dummyUser,
overrideAccess: false,
showHiddenFields: true,
})

Update

// Result will be the updated Post document.
const result = await payload.update({
collection: 'posts', // required
id: '507f1f77bcf86cd799439011', // required
data: { // required
title: 'sure',
description: 'maybe',
},
depth: 2,
locale: 'en',
fallbackLocale: false,
user: dummyUser,
overrideAccess: false,
showHiddenFields: true,
// If your collection supports uploads, you can upload
// a file directly through the Local API by providing
// its full, absolute file path.
filePath: path.resolve(__dirname, './path-to-image.jpg'),
})

Delete

// Result will be the now-deleted Post document.
const result = await payload.delete({
collection: 'posts', // required
id: '507f1f77bcf86cd799439011', // required
depth: 2,
locale: 'en',
fallbackLocale: false,
user: dummyUser,
overrideAccess: false,
showHiddenFields: true,
})

Auth Operations

If a collection has Authentication enabled, additional Local API operations will be available:

Login

// result will be formatted as follows:
// {
// token: 'o38jf0q34jfij43f3f...', // JWT used for auth
// user: { ... } // the user document that just logged in
// exp: 1609619861 // the UNIX timestamp when the JWT will expire
// }
const result = await payload.login({
collection: 'users', // required
data: { // required
email: 'dev@payloadcms.com',
password: 'rip',
},
req: req, // pass an Express `req` which will be provided to all hooks
res: res, // used to automatically set an HTTP-only auth cookie
depth: 2,
locale: 'en',
fallbackLocale: false,
overrideAccess: false,
showHiddenFields: true,
})

Forgot Password

// Returned token will allow for a password reset
const token = await payload.forgotPassword({
collection: 'users', // required
data: { // required
email: 'dev@payloadcms.com',
},
req: req, // pass an Express `req` which will be provided to all hooks
})

Reset Password

// Result will be formatted as follows:
// {
// token: 'o38jf0q34jfij43f3f...', // JWT used for auth
// user: { ... } // the user document that just logged in
// }
const result = await payload.forgotPassword({
collection: 'users', // required
data: { // required
token: 'afh3o2jf2p3f...', // the token generated from the forgotPassword operation
},
req: req, // pass an Express `req` which will be provided to all hooks
res: res, // used to automatically set an HTTP-only auth cookie
})

Unlock

// Returned result will be a boolean representing success or failure
const result = await payload.unlock({
collection: 'users', // required
data: { // required
email: 'dev@payloadcms.com',
},
req: req, // pass an Express `req` which will be provided to all hooks
overrideAccess: true,
})

Verify

// Returned result will be a boolean representing success or failure
const result = await payload.verify({
collection: 'users', // required
token: 'afh3o2jf2p3f...', // the token saved on the user as `_verificationToken`
})

Globals

The following Global operations are available through the Local API:

Find

// Result will be the Header Global.
const result = await payload.findGlobal({
global: 'header', // required
depth: 2,
locale: 'en',
fallbackLocale: false,
user: dummyUser,
overrideAccess: false,
showHiddenFields: true,
})

Update

// Result will be the updated Header Global.
const result = await payload.updateGlobal({
global: 'header', // required
data: { // required
nav: [
{
url: 'https://google.com',
},
{
url: 'https://payloadcms.com',
},
],
},
depth: 2,
locale: 'en',
fallbackLocale: false,
user: dummyUser,
overrideAccess: false,
showHiddenFields: true,
})
Next

Querying your Documents