Collection Hooks

Collections feature the ability to define the following hooks:

Additionally, auth-enabled collections feature the following hooks:

Config

All collection Hook properties accept arrays of synchronous or asynchronous functions. Each Hook type receives specific arguments and has the ability to modify specific outputs.

collections/example-hooks.js

// Collection config
module.exports = {
slug: 'example-hooks',
fields: [
{ name: 'name', label: 'Name', type: 'text'},
]
hooks: {
beforeOperation: [(args) => {...}],
beforeValidate: [(args) => {...}],
beforeDelete: [(args) => {...}],
beforeChange: [(args) => {...}],
beforeRead: [(args) => {...}],
afterChange: [(args) => {...}],
afterRead: [(args) => {...}],
afterDelete: [(args) => {...}],
// Auth-enabled hooks
afterLogin: [(args) => {...}],
afterForgotPassword: [(args) => {...}],
}
}

beforeOperation

The beforeOperation Hook type can be used to modify the arguments that operations accept or execute side-effects that run before an operation begins.

Available Collection operations include create, read, update, delete, refresh, and forgotPassword.

const beforeOperationHook = async ({
args, // Original arguments passed into the operation
operation, // name of the operation
}) => {
return args; // Return operation arguments as necessary
}

beforeValidate

Runs before the create and update operations. This hook allows you to add or format data before the incoming data is validated.

const beforeValidateHook = async ({
data, // incoming data to update or create with
req, // full express request
operation, // name of the operation ie. 'create', 'update'
originalDoc, // original document
}) => {
return data; // Return data to either create or update a document with
}

beforeChange

Immediately following validation, beforeChange hooks will run within create and update operations. At this stage, you can be confident that the data that will be saved to the document is valid in accordance to your field validations. You can optionally modify the shape of data to be saved.

const beforeChangeHook = async ({
data, // incoming data to update or create with
req, // full express request
operation, // name of the operation ie. 'create', 'update'
originalDoc, // original document
}) => {
return data; // Return data to either create or update a document with
}

afterChange

After a document is created or updated, the afterChange hook runs. This hook is helpful to recalculate statistics such as total sales within a global, syncing user profile changes to a CRM, and more.

const afterChangeHook = async ({
doc, // full document data
req, // full express request
operation, // name of the operation ie. 'create', 'update'
}) => {
return data;
}

beforeRead

Runs before find and findByID operations are transformed for output by afterRead. This hook fires before hidden fields are removed and before localized fields are flattened into the requested locale. Using this Hook will provide you with all locales and all hidden fields via the doc argument.

const beforeReadHook = async ({
doc, // full document data
req, // full express request
query, // JSON formatted query
}) => {
return doc;
}

afterRead

Runs as the last step before documents are returned. Flattens locales, hides protected fields, and removes fields that users do not have access to.

const afterReadHook = async ({
doc, // full document data
req, // full express request
query, // JSON formatted query
}) => {
return doc;
}

beforeDelete

Runs before the delete operation. Returned values are discarded.

const beforeDeleteHook = async ({
req, // full express request
id, // id of document to delete
}) => {...}

afterDelete

Runs immediately after the delete operation removes records from the database. Returned values are discarded.

const afterDeleteHook = async ({
req, // full express request
id, // id of document to delete
doc, // deleted document
}) => {...}

afterLogin

For auth-enabled Collections, this hook runs after successful login operations. You can optionally modify the user that is returned.

const afterLoginHook = async ({
req, // full express request
user, // user being logged in
token, // user token
}) => {
return user;
}

afterForgotPassword

For auth-enabled Collections, this hook runs after successful forgotPassword operations. Returned values are discarded.

const afterLoginHook = async ({
req, // full express request
user, // user being logged in
token, // user token
}) => {
return user;
}
Next

Field Hooks